Disco is so distinct, it should have an origin right? There isn't a truly first "disco" song. The distinction between early-mid 70s soul, funk and "disco" is difficult to discern. But I'd say the closest thing would be The Love I Lost, because of the drums and tempo. Others had used a 4 on the floor beat before but not as the backbone of the entire track the way Gamble and Huff did on that song. The baseline, strings and wah-wah guitars set a precedent that was readily imitated by other acts for the remainder of the decade.

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In "Turn the Beat Around: The Secret History of Disco" by Peter Shapiro, the first two disco songs, in his opinion, came out in 1973:

The Temptations "Law Of The Land" Harold Melvin and the Blue Notes "The Love I Lost"

Of course, there was dance music before that but he was referring to the coalescence of disco as a musical style/genre.

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I am planning to wash, clay, seal, and wax my car this weekend. For white cars I'd recommend adding a chemical cleaner too. Either use a sealant with a chemical cleaner formulated into the sealant, or use a dedicated cleaner.

Cleaners strip the paint and remove light imperfections (water spots, light tar, road film, etc) and keep the paint as white as possible (think whitening toothpaste for your teeth).

Detailers Poli-Coat Paint Sealant, Meguiars White Wax, Klasse AIO Polish, Meguiars Mirror Glaze #20 are all examples of sealants cleaners. All of these are non-abrasive too, so your not removing any clearcoat. If you start to see swirl marks or light scratches down the road, then you can look into an abrasive cleaner sealant product (like XMT 360).

OR you can go with a dedicated cleaner and a dedicated pure sealant.

Typically you get better results when you use dedicated products, but it does take more time. I like to stay in the same family of products, so if you want to use Collinite #845, use their cleaner first (Collinite Sapphire PreWax Cleaner #840).

Wolfgang Paintwork Polish Enhancer, P21S Gloss Enhancing Paintwork Cleanser, Pinnacle Paintwork Cleansing Lotion, Dodo Juice Lime Prime Lite Cleaner Glaze and BLACKFIRE Gloss Enhancing Polish are all examples of pure cleaners. Wolfgang Deep Gloss Paint Sealant 3.0, Klasse High Gloss Sealant Glaze, BLACKFIRE Wet Diamond All Finish Paint Protection, Chemical Guys JetSeal 109, RejeX Paint Sealant, Menzerna Power Lock are all examples or pure sealants.

Personally, I'd go with either Wolfgang Paintwork Polish Enhancer Wolfgang Deep Gloss Paint Sealant or Pinnacle Black Label Surface Cleansing Polish Pinnacle Black Label Diamond Paint Sealant. Klasse AIO Klasse High Gloss Sealant Glaze is a super shiny combo too for the price.

Also, make sure you're applying trim sealant to any black plastic often. Contrast is king with white cars. So keep the white white and the black black for best results. Don't let the black fade or you'll with you started protecting it sooner.

I almost forgot to mention CarPro Hydro 2.

It's a spray on/rinse off sealant so its super easy to apply (as long as you don't apply too much product and have a strong stream of water to rinse it off) and looks amazing. It's a forum favorite. Two different coworkers pulled into the parking lot and their rides seems extra glossy. I asked them what they used: Hydro 2.

I love taking care of my car, it is almost a sort of zen moment for me.

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Plenty of quality rums and gins <$20/bottle

If you have a hispanic grocery store near you, can typically get lemons and limes for cheap [4/$1 at most, in Chicago I found limes 10/$1]

Sweet Vermouth is used in a lot, <$10

Basic Triple Sec <$10

Simple syrup is really cheap, assuming you already have sugar and water at home

Tonic water/Ginger Ale [get something better than Vernons and the like]

If you [or a friend/family members] has Herbs you can get those and throw into your drink. Mint is most common, I love thyme or Rosemary in Gin

We all start somewhere, I've still got Apple and Watermelon Puckers, less than great "Razz Cordial" and a few other silly things from my earlier days.

You can make good (well, decent anyway) Daiquiris and a personal favorite The Contractor for super cheap.

Get sugar at Aldi for like $2, make simple syrup. Get some Cruzan rum on sale for like $8-$12. Go for the handle to stretch the dollarz. Get some limes at your local mexican/hispanic grocery for like $0.10 each

Also, you can make kahlua-like coffee liqueur for cheap:

  1. Grain alcohol
  2. A bunch of brown and white sugar (and a little molasses)
  3. Some cheap coffee (Aldi whole bean is adequate, go 2/3 cold brew, 1/3 japanese ice brew)
  4. Some vanilla extract.

Throw some cheap vodka and half-and-half in there (I say sobieski, but whatever you do don't spend more than $15) and you've got a Caucasian.


When my husband and I find ourselves putting more prepared foods and snack foods in the grocery cart than we probably should, we challenge ourselves to stick to the "5 ingredients or less" shopping plan.

"Challenges" work well for us because we are both all-or-nothing type personalities, so just trying to cut down doesn't really work for us.

  • don't buy junk food. There's no nutritional value and one can sit and eat it forever (I.e chips)
  • buy staple items. I never buy for specific recipes because you'll buy a bunch of ingredients that will go bad before you can use them again.
  • compare price per oz/lb. when shopping. Especially withb fruit. Some weeks frozen fruit might be cheaper than fresh.
  • if there is a SUPER SALE on an item, stock up and freeze what won't be used immediately. Lastly, in some tates foodstamps can be used at the farmers market and they'll match you up to $5. So $10 worth the fresh food for $5 in stamps. Go near closing time because a lot of stands will reduce their prices to sell it quickly.

Making a challenge to ourselves and sticking to it for a few weeks or months helps us to re-set our shopping and eating habits.

We goe through $150-200 of groceries a week, and we seldom eat out. But that's eating comfortably, not frugally, and we're no longer using our time clipping coupons or some of the other excellent suggestions here - I just wanted to give a point of reference.

Using the same grocery store for a while has helped - I know which items they tend to put on sale, like Life cereal that will be BOGO every 2 months or so, or one of the brands of laundry detergent, so I can wait until those sales come along.

If you are doing most of the cooking answer: what are you generally preparing for breakfast, lunch and dinner?


Homophobia and racism played a part in the backlash against disco and its eventual mainstream downfall.

Disco was gay, it was black, it was electronic, it was hedonistic, it was coke and ecstasy fuelled, it was producer and DJ led. It represented 'the other'. It was equally as anti-rock establishment as punk in many ways.

This didn't sit well with people.

Despite this, I believe the main reason reason that the backlash was as strong as it was, was simply due to over saturation.

In the late 70s, bars, pizza parlours clubs and pubs across the country were being transformed into discos. It was every where at the time; there was disco christmas, disco star wars, disco duck and all other sorts of ridiculousness. Plus all the big stars of the 60s and 70s were doing disco tracks too: Rod Stewart, Dolly Parton and Paul McCartney just to name a few.

It was invasive.

People were just sick of it, and it had reached a point beyond gimmicky.

The exact same thing happened to commercial dubstep. It got lame real fast. This made it an easy target for the rock-establishment, just like Justin Bieber is today for example.

But, disco had hit on a winning forumula and despite the backlash, it never really went away (especially in Europe].

And here's why...

Disco never really went away – it’s just that it’s always meant different things to different people in different places at different times, and has slipped in and out of favour depending on which aspect is highlighted.

Having lost its cool following the post ‘Saturday Night Fever’ feeding frenzy of the late 70’s, a bandwagon which, unfortunately, has provided the mainstream symbolism ever since, it was always on the back foot. For many years its cheesier connotations were emphasised whilst its sheer creativity and versatility was circumvented. The ‘Disco’ the media portrayed and, to a large extent, still portray, isn’t the Disco that survived.


Here is what I do. You don't have to follow it exactly, or at all. I'm just sharing in hopes to help.

  • Go through the circular for specials. Sometimes its available online.
  • Plan out your meals and buy according to those meals. I use this to help me plan groceries related to a weekly menu.
  • Incorporate veggies as 1/2 the plate, grain as 1/4 and meat 1/4.
  • Do not buy things that historically goes to waste in the cupboard or freezer. Double-so for the produce.
  • Once a week, everyone eats leftovers to clear out the fridge. I love to take leftover chicken and rice, and make a fried rice like this one. Frozen peas are a good substitute.
  • Tuna casserole, goulash, tacos, enchiladas, etc. go over really well because you are adding a starch with meat, stretching the servings.
  • Salads don't have to be just lettuce. My hubs loves a salad with mushrooms, cheese, leftover meat, and a homemade dressing of olive oil and vinegar with seasoning.
  • Add some vegetarian meals to your rotation. I know you said the family mostly wants chicken-based meals, but there are lots of vegetarian meals that are not noticeably vegetarian that the family would probably love.
  • For your remaining meat-centered meals, cut back on the meat used. Bulk up the meal with vegetables or whole grains.
  • Cut back on processed foods. Other folks suggested cutting out junk food, which is critical, but I'm suggesting a step beyond that. For example, if you are buying things like boxed cereals, pre-made sauces, pre-cut meat, etc. you should buy the whole food equivalent. Make your own sauces, cut your own veggies and meat, but whole grains and cook them from scratch. For example, make your enchilada sauce, buy block cheese and grate it yourself, etc. This is one of the very best ways to save money and eat healthier in the process.
  • Ever since someone posted in on Reddit, I've been trying 1-2 recipes per week. Its dropped my groceries down about $40 a week. No kidding.
  • You don't need to buy soda anymore. Water, homemade tea, coffee at home, and milk are your friend. Seriously. I love grean tea and its replaced my soda habit.
  • Buy store brand when its comparable to the brand name. Such as, bagged cereal compared to boxed. It lasts longer and its cheaper. Who cares that its not exactly the honey flavor?!
  • Don't let people shame you into spending money on things you don't need. Like chips. Or magazines. or girl scout cookies. Consumerism is a group experience.
  • Know your portions and who will eat what while buying. Sometimes I buy a huge pack of chicken, and freeze half to use on another meal because there is no way we can eat all that.
  • Add homemade dinner rolls or Jif cornbread to a meal to fill up big eaters.
  • Follow frugal bloggers for meal ideas, like this one.

To expand on point number two just a little I will not always make something different. I will often blance the meals so that one can role into the next. Like my go to recipes are cream cheese chicken in the crock pot, paramasean chicken, hand breaded tenders, enchiladas with whatever ground meat is on sale, pasta with meat sauce, kielbasa with onion peppers pasta and a tomato sauce, and sometimes ham and cheese gnocchi. Most of us don't eat breakfast but when we do it's generally just eggs and toast.

And then lunch is generally just a sandwich or maybe leftovers.

Check the policies of your local stores and see if they will price match competitors' advertised deals and coupons. A little bit of homework and planning can save a lot of money!